Question

# Calculate the pH at 25°C of a 0.075 M solution of a weak acid that has...

Calculate the pH at 25°C of a 0.075 M solution of a weak acid that has Ka = 1.3 ×10−5.

Let the weak acid be written as HA

HA dissociates as:

HA -----> H+ + A-

7.5*10^-2 0 0

7.5*10^-2-x x x

Ka = [H+][A-]/[HA]

Ka = x*x/(c-x)

Assuming x can be ignored as compared to c

So, above expression becomes

Ka = x*x/(c)

so, x = sqrt (Ka*c)

x = sqrt ((1.3*10^-5)*7.5*10^-2) = 9.874*10^-4

since x is comparable c, our assumption is not correct

we need to solve this using Quadratic equation

Ka = x*x/(c-x)

1.3*10^-5 = x^2/(7.5*10^-2-x)

9.75*10^-7 - 1.3*10^-5 *x = x^2

x^2 + 1.3*10^-5 *x-9.75*10^-7 = 0

a = 1

b = 1.3*10^-5

c = -9.75*10^-7

Roots can be found by

x = {-b + sqrt(b^2-4*a*c)}/2a

x = {-b - sqrt(b^2-4*a*c)}/2a

b^2-4*a*c = 3.9*10^-6

roots are :

x = 9.809*10^-4 and x = -9.939*10^-4

since x can't be negative, the possible value of x is

x = 9.809*10^-4

so.[H+] = x = 9.809*10^-4 M

use:

pH = -log [H+]

= -log (9.809*10^-4)

= 3.01