Question

What does nuclear charge have to do with finding the wavelength, frequency, and energy of a transition?

Answer #1

1.Affect on wave length : the potential is proportional to Z^2 where Z is the atomic number, and the hydrogenic energy levels are multiplied by Z^2u, where μ is the reduced mass of the electron (. Thus the energy differences between levels, corresponding to photon energies, will also be increased by Z^2.

2.Affect on frequency: as frequency =1/wavelength , then frequency will be decreased on increase in nuclear charge

3. Affect on transition : as nuclear charge increased then the radius of orbitals decreased hence the energy gap between orbitals also decreases due to increase in nuclear charge.hence energy defference will be decreased

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