The gas methane,
CH4(g), can be used in welding. When
methane is burned in oxygen, the reaction
CH4(g) + 2 O2(g)------>CO2(g) + 2 H2O(g)
(a) Using the following data, calculate ^H° for this reaction.
^H°f kJ mol-1: CH4(g) = -74.6 ; CO2(g) = -393.5 ; H2O(g) = -241.8
^H° = _____ kJ
(b) Calculate the total heat capacity of 1 mol of CO2(g) and 2 mol of H2O(g), using CCO2(g) = 37.1 J K-1 mol-1 and CH2O(g) = 33.6 J K-1 mol-1.
C = _____J K-1
(c) When this reaction is carried out in an open flame, almost all the heat produced in part (a) goes to raise the temperature of the products. Assuming that the reactants are at 25°C, calculate the maximum flame temperature that is attainable in an open flame burning methane in oxygen. The actual flame temperature would be lower than this because heat is lost to the surroundings.
Maximum temperature = _____°C
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