Question

# The Henderson-Hasselbalch equation relates the pH of a buffer solution to the pKa of its conjugate...

The Henderson-Hasselbalch equation relates the pH of a buffer solution to the pKa of its conjugate acid and the ratio of the concentrations of the conjugate base and acid. The equation is important in laboratory work that makes use of buffered solutions, in industrial processes where pH needs to be controlled, and in medicine, where understanding the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation is critical for the control of blood pH.

Part A.) As a technician in a large pharmaceutical research firm, you need to produce 350 mL of a potassium dihydrogen phosphate buffer solution of pH = 6.99. The pKa of H2PO4− is 7.21.

You have the following supplies: 2.00 L of 1.00 M KH2PO4 stock solution, 1.50 L of 1.00 M K2HPO4 stock solution, and a carboy of pure distilled H2O.

How much 1.00 M KH2PO4 will you need to make this solution? (Assume additive volumes.)

Volume of KH2PO4 needed = ?

Physicians use the following modified form of the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation to track changes in blood pH:Carbon dioxide (CO2) and bicarbonate (HCO3−) concentrations in the bloodstream are physiologically controlled to keep blood pH constant at a normal value of 7.40.

pH=pKa+log ( [HCO3−] / (0.030)(PCO2) )

where [HCO3−] is given in millimoles/liter and the arterial blood partial pressure of CO2 is given in mmHg. The pKa of carbonic acid is 6.1. Hyperventilation causes a physiological state in which the concentration of CO2 in the bloodstream drops. The drop in the partial pressure of CO2 constricts arteries and reduces blood flow to the brain, causing dizziness or even fainting.

Part B.) If the normal physiological concentration of HCO3− is 24 mM, what is the pH of blood if PCO2 drops to 27.0 mmHg ?

pH= ?

A)

pH = pKa + log [ K2HPO4 / KH2PO4]

6.99 = 7.21 + log [ K2HPO4 / KH2PO4]

[ K2HPO4 / KH2PO4] = 0.6

let

volume of KH2P04 be y L

then

volume of K2HP04 = 0.35 - y

now

moles = molarity x volume

so

moles of KH2P04 = 1 x y = y

moles of K2HP04 = 1 x ( 0.35 - y) = 0.35 - y

now

[ K2HPO4 / KH2PO4] = 0.6

(0.35 - y ) / y = 0.6

0.35 - y = 0.6y

0.35 = 1.6 y

y = 0.21875

so

volume of KH2P04 = 0.21875 L = 218.75 ml

so

218.75 ml of KH2P04 is required

B)

pH = pKa + log [HC03-] / 0.03 PCO2

given

pKa = 6.1

[HC03-] = 24 mM

PCO2 = 27 mm Hg

so

pH = 6.1 + log 24 / 0.03 x 27

pH = 7.57

so

the pH is 7.57

#### Earn Coins

Coins can be redeemed for fabulous gifts.