Calculate the change in entropy for one mole of ideal gas which expands from an initial volume of 2 L and initial temperature of 500 K to a final volume of 6 L under the following conditions. P(initial) refers to the pressure when T(initial)= 500K, V(initial)= 2 L.
a) Irreversible expansion against a constant pressure of Pinitial/2
b) Irreversible expansion against a vacuum...a 'free expansion'.
c) Adiabatic irreversible expansion against a constant pressure of Pfinal
d) Adiabatic reversible expansion
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