Question

a 1.78 gram sample of an unknown gas is found to occupy a volume of .945 L at a pressure of 645 mmhg and a temperature of 33 Celsius. Assume ideal Behavior the molecular weight of the unknown gas is?

in units of u

part B:

sodium metal reacts with water to produce hydrogen gas the product
gas H2 is collected over water at a temperature of 20 Celsius and a
pressure of 759 mmhg. if the wet H2 gas formed occupies a volume of
9.29 L the number of grams of H2 formed is ______g. the water vapor
pressure is 17.5 mmhg at 20 Celsius.

part C:

sodium metal reacts with water to produce hydrogen gas the product
gas H2 is collected over water at a temperature of 25 Celsius and a
pressure of 742 mmhg if the wet H2 gas formed occupies a volume of
7.14 L the number of grams of H2 formed is______g. the vapor
pressure of water is 23.8 mmhg at 25 Celsius.

Answer #1

a]

PV = nRT

P in atm

V in L

T in kelvin ; R = 0.0821

n = moles = mass / molarmass

1 atm = 760 mm Hg

[645/760]*0.945 = 1.78*0.0821*(33+273) / Molar mass

Molar mass = 55.758 gm /mol

b]

2Na + 2H2O ----> 2NaOH + H2

Ptotal = 759 mm Hg

_{Ptotal} =
P_{H2} + P_{H2O}
T = 20.0 °C = 293 K

pH2 = 759 - 17.5 = 741.5 mm Hg

In atm ;

741.5 / 760 = 0.9756 atm

PV = nRT

0.9756 * 9.29 = n*0.0821*(293)

n = 0.37677

1 mole of H2 = 2 gms

0.37677 moles of H2 = 0.75354 gms

C]

pH2 = 742 - 23.8 = 718.2 mm Hg

pH2 in atm = 718.2 / 760 = 0.945 atm

PV = nRT

0.945*7.14 = n*0.0821*(25+273)

n = 0.275

1 mole of H2 = 2 gms

0.275 moles of H2 = 0.551 gms of H2 is formed

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equation:
Zn(s) + 2HCl(aq) ------------>
ZnCl2(aq) + H2(g)
The product gas, H2, is collected over
water at a temperature of 20 °C and a pressure of
757 mm Hg. If the wet
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Enter your answer in the provided box.
A piece of sodium metal reacts completely with water as
follows:
2Na(s) + 2H2O(l) → 2NaOH(aq)
+ H2(g)
The hydrogen gas generated is collected over water at 25.0°C. The
volume of the gas is 307 mL measured at 0.975 atm. Calculate the
number of grams of sodium used in the reaction. (The vapor pressure
of water at 25.0°C = 0.0313 atm.)
________________g

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