Question

A system contains two energy levels separated by 300 cm–1 . (a) What are the relative populations of the upper and lower levels if the temperature is 1 K? What if the temperature is 1×105 K? (b) What is the temperature of the system when the population of the upper energy state is half that of the lower energy state?

Answer #1

Consider a molecule having three energy levels as follows:
State
Energy (cm−1)
degeneracy
1
0
1
2
500.
3
3
1500.
5
part a) What is the value of the partition function when
T = 360 K ?
part B)What is the value of the partition function when
T = 3600K ?

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