10. explain to be familiar with the structure and function of the following prokaryotic cell structures:
Cell walls, nucleoid, plasmids, endospores, Flagella, Capsules
recognize structures and molecules that are unique to particular groups of microbes (ex. Peptidoglycan is unique to bacteria)
Cell Wall: Protect Bacteria From Dehydration and gives shape: Peptoglycon Cell Wall present in Bacteria; Cellulose cell wall in plants, Chitin cell wall in Fungi
Nucleoid: Also called Genopore, present in Bacteria act as genetic material.
Plasmids are small circular double standard DNA molecules mostly present in Bacteria and some Yeast
Endospores are special type of Bacterial structurs, that formed ny Bacteria under unfavourable conditions totideaway those conditions.
Flagellas are locomotory organelleis present in bacteria, some protists. These are extra cellular appendages
Capsule is a corbohydrate structure present on the surface of the Bacterial cell wall
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