1. The ability to tan in response to high UV radiation is ____________.
a) an example of acclimation
b) an example of acclimatization
c) an example of heavily keratinized skin
d) an example of a thick dermis
2. In paleopathology to determine whether a population was subsisting on a terrestrial or a marine diet analysis can be performed to measure the levels of _________ and _________ in the bone.
a )strontium, barium
b) calcium, barium
c) strontium, calcium
D) zinc, calcium
3) One of the phenotypic markers that forensic anthropologists look at to determine population affiliation for Native Americans is the _____________.
a) third molar
b) gonial angle
c) shovel shaped incisor
d) long bones showing nutritional stress
4) Which of the following are adaptations and therefore the result of natural selection within a population?
a) round head shape and the epicanthic eye fold
b) a big nose and enlarged maxillary sinuses
c) prognathic jaws and brown eyes
d) blond and red hair
5) Globalization, urbanization and the desire for high-status and tasty foods have all driven __________.
a) the demographic transition
b) the epidemiological transition
c) the nutrition transition
d) an increase in the spread of infectious diseases
6) If conditions are good, a child’s head will develop in what direction?
a) from chin to crown
b) from crown to chin
c) from ear to ear
d) nose to occipital lobe
7) Traits of appearance, such as pigmentation are usually all of the following EXCEPT:
a) not subject to recombination
b) clinal in distribution
8) In places where there is insufficient food and poor public sanitation, adults rarely reach their genetic potential for height. However, girls remain healthier and grow a little better than boys, leading to less sexual dimorphism in adulthood. This is called _____________.
a) male buffering
b) female buffering
c) genetic drift
d) “catch up” growth
9) Solomon Islanders (of the western Pacific) used to farm and fish for a living. Now that they export blowfish for certain types of Japanese sushi, they no longer farm and have used their extra income to buy pre-packaged and canned foods high in calories and fat. This phenomenon, happening all over the world, is known as ___________.
a) the globalization of farming.
b) the globalization of Type 1 diabetes.
c) the epidemiological transition
d)the nutrition transition.
10) The metabolism of which amino acid leads to effective production of melanin?
11) Folate deficiencies are associated with _____________.
a) severe neurological defects in newborns.
b) severe vitamin D deficiency and osteoporosis
c) severe damage to the epidermis
d) severe lack of tyrosinase and albinism
12) What is “catch up” growth?
a) When conditions improve dramatically, a child will grow quickly to return to the normal size for his/her age.
b) When conditions become very poor, a child will grow quickly to make up for the normal size for his age.
c) when epiphyseal plates fuse.
d) none of the above.
13) All of the following about people who can digest lactose after age 7 are true EXCEPT for _____________.
a) It benefits certain people because they can have a consistence source of protein and dietary calcium.
b) Ancient peoples - whose ancestors developed this mutation - did not have dark green vegetables available to them in the winter time.
c) Even without the ability to digest a lot of lactose, some people can get calcium from yogurt, cheese and other foods that have been predigested by bacteria.
d) People in tropical environments who are lactose intolerant will die without calcium supplements in pill form.
Please answer all of these questions correctly
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