(a)The normal values of tidal volume and dead space volume are 500 and 300 ml respectively. If the lung minute respiratory volume is 6.75 litres, find the frequency of respiration (number of breaths per minute). Calculate the alveolar minute respiratory volume.
(b) What is the percentage change in the lung minute respiratory volume if the frequency of respiration (i) increases by 15% or (ii) decreases by 15% from the normal value in part (a)?
A)Lung minute respiratory volume is just the multiplication of tidal volume and respiratory rate(frequency)
lung minute respiratory volume = tidal volume x respiratory rate
therefore respiratory rate = lung minute volume/tidal volume= 6.75/0.5 L=13.5/min.
The lung minute respiratoryvolume is the sum of alveolar ventilation and dead space ventilation
dead space ventilation= 13.5 x dead space volume= 13.5 x 0.3= 4.05L
there fore alveolar ventilation = 6.75-4.05=2.70 L
B) As the lung mnute volume is diectly propotional to the respiratory rate , 15% increarse in the respiratory rate will increase it by15%.
And 15% decrease will decrease the lung minute volume by 15%.
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