_____ 1. Generates most of the ATP formed by cellular respiration.
_____ 2. Begins the oxidation of glucose
_____ 3. Occurs outside the mitochondrion
_____ 4. Produces 4 ATP/ glucose, but 2 ATP/ glucose used to get it started
_____ 5. Oxidizes NADH and FADH2, producing NAD+ and FAD
_____ 6. Carried out by enzymes in matrix of the mitochondrion
_____ 7. Here electrons and hydrogen combine with O2 to form H2O
_____ 8. Occurs along the inner mitochondrial membrane
_____ 9. Generates most of the CO2 produced by cellular respiration
_____ 10. FADH2 and NADH deliver hydrogen ions and electrons to this stage
_____ 11. ATP synthase makes ATP
1)Most of the ATP is formed during the Oxidative Phosphorylation (OP).The NADH and FADH synthesised during the Kreb Cycle undergoes electron transport chain and are oxidised to NAD+ and FAD+.The electron are ultimately transferred to oxygen forming water molecule. The protons are accumulated in the intermembrane space generating an proton gradient which is sufficient to phosphorylate ADP to ATP.
2)The oxidation of glucose starts with the glycolysis (G).The oxidation of glucose primarily starts from the glycolysis. This process takes place in the cytoplasm and does not require oxygen.The final product of glycolysis is puruvate. The rate limiting reaction step is through the Phosphofructokinase enxyme. Other regulation takes place through the hexokinase and pyruvate kinase enzymes.
3)The process takes place outside of the mitochondria in the cytoplasm is glycolysis.(G)The glycolysis pathway is also called as Embden Meyerhof Parnas Pathway.The pyruvate formed here can undergo lactate fermentation, ethanol fermentation under anaerobic condition or enter the citric acid cycle and oxidative phosphorylation in aerobic condition.
4)The process that utilises the two ATP in the glycolysis are:(G)
glucose is converted to glucose 6 phosphate and then fructose 6 phosphate is converted into fructose 1,6 bisphosphate.The ATP are being formed when the 1,3 bisphosphoglyceric acid is converted into 3 phosphoglyceric acid and phosphoenol pyruvate is converted into pyruvate. In these steps the cycle run twice as the 6 carbon molecule is splitted into two 3 carbon molecules. So the net gain of 2 ATP in glycolysis.
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