A bacterial strain has recently gained an antibiotic resistance gene. How would you determine which method of horizontal gene transfer was used to acquire this gene?
Traditionally, Bacteria procure outer hereditary material through three fundamental methodologies,
I) transformation (fuse of exposed DNA),
ii) transduction (phage intervened) and,
iii) conjugation (bacterial "sex").
Rise in resistance of antibiotic in the microorganisms regularly includes conjugation, an exceptionally productive strategy for gene exchange that includes cell-to-cell contact and usually happens at high rates. Conjugation utilizes mobile genetic elements (MGEs) as vehicles to share significant hereditary information.
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