Question

Name the functional unit of the kidney. What are its components and all their functions?

Name the functional unit of the kidney. What are its components and all their functions?

Homework Answers

Answer #1

The functional unit of kidney is nephron. Following are the parts and function :

1- Glomerulus : It has a filtrative action but it does not allow plasma to filter through it.

2- Bowmans capsule : Also helps in filtration

3- Proximal tubules : It absorbs Most of the sodium.ion

4- Loop of henle : This maintains the medullary osmotic gradient.

5- Distal convoluted tubule : It is also for sodium and other ions absorption.

6- Collecting ducts : For concentrating and transport urine to the renal calyces.

2-

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