Is rabies caused by viruses or by bacteria? How is it transmitted? Which organs and tissues are affected by the disease? How is it prevented and treated?
Rabies s caused by a virus which spreads through the bite or scratch of an infected animal. It passed through the saliva.
It enters the peripheral nervous system directly and migrates to the brain.
It replicates within muscle tissue where it is safe from immune system of host.
It is prevented by taking regular antirabies vaccines, by making bans on import of animals from some countries.
It is treated by fast acting dose of rabies immune globulin and by giving a series of rabies vaccines.
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