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Biology Unit I Homework - Nutritional Analysis Worksheet Introduction In Chapters 3 and 4 of the...

Biology Unit I Homework - Nutritional Analysis Worksheet

Introduction

In Chapters 3 and 4 of the textbook, you learned that the body needs various macro and micronutrients in order to function properly. You also learned about cellular metabolism and what the human body uses as a fuel source. This all seems simple at first glance; however, it can be difficult to determine whether we are getting what our body needs. Even when we know what our body needs, it becomes even more difficult to make sure we are supplying our body with those needs. The car you drive probably requires gasoline in order to function properly. When you need to go somewhere, you make sure you have enough gasoline in the tank to reach your destination. If you do not, you probably stop at a gas station and fill your car’s tank with gas. You do not pour cola in the tank or jelly donuts; you put gas because that is what it needs. Why do we put cola and jelly donuts in our bodies when we do not need them? Often, it is difficult to determine what is in the foods that we eat. Sometimes it is hard to determine if the food contains the correct nutrients or processed foods that our body does not need. This lab exercise will help you learn how to read nutritional labels and determine what your body needs to function properly.

Objectives

Analyze nutritional information based on what the body needs to function properly.

Calculate BMI and learn about caloric balance.

Materials

You will not need any extra materials other than your textbook and your computer (with internet access) to complete this lab.

Directions

Type or paste all answers directly on this data sheet.

Use the following nutritional label and answer the questions that follow. You may use your textbook as a resource when comparing the two products.

Select Save As, and save this document using your last name and student ID as the file name.

Upload the data sheet as a .doc, .docx, or .rtf file when you are finished.

Product A

Product B

Serving Size

1oz

1.5oz

Servings Per Container

1

1

Calories

150

165

Saturated Fat

3g

1g

Trans Fat

0g

0g

Cholesterol

3mg

1mg

Sodium

250mg

225mg

Fiber

1g

3g

Sugars

3g

1g

Protein

1g

4g

Vitamin A

35%

30%

Calcium

15%

25%

Vitamin C

100%

100%

Vitamin D

30%

30%

Main Ingredients

Milk, potato, vegetable oil, salt, sugar, processed wheat flour

Water, nonfat milk, whole corn, vegetable oil, whole wheat flour, rice flour, whole oat flour

Questions 1 – 5 are short answer questions. Answer each question in the space provided. Question 6 is a short essay. Total: 40 points

Which product contains the most calories per serving? (6 points)

Which product contains the largest serving size? (6 points)

Which product contains the most calories per ounce? (6 points)

Which product contains the most nutrients that are not as healthy for the body in large amounts?

(6 points)

Which product is a healthier choice? (6 points)

Explain why you picked the product that you did in question 5. Your answer should be in paragraph format and should be at least 100 words in length. Type your answer directly below.

(10 points)

Determine your BMI

The point of this exercise is for the student to become familiar with his or her own score using a very common biometric indicator. Conduct the exercise using your own data. However, if you do not wish to disclose your own data, then conduct it again with reasonable fictitious data and report that.

Questions 1–4 below are short answer questions. Answer each question in the space provided. Total: 20 points

What is your height?                 ft                      in What is your weight?                        Lbs (5 points)

Go to: http://www.choosemyplate.gov/ then click on ONLINE TOOLS in the menu and select BMI CALCULATOR from the drop down menu. Follow the links to the calculator tool hosted by the CDC.gov website. Enter the information to determine your BMI (or use the fictitious data) by clicking the link to the Adult BMI Calculator.

Type the information from above into the appropriate spaces and then click: Calculate BMI.

What is your BMI? What recommendations are listed? (5 points)

On the left menu click on: Finding a Balance.

What is the caloric balance equation? (5 points)

Do you think you are in caloric balance? What are the recommended physical activity levels? (5 points)

Reading Nutrition Facts Labels

For this portion of the assignment read the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s food facts guide about labels and then answer questions 1 and 2. Click here to access the guide.

Question 1. (16 points)

Write an essay at least 200 words in length that explains what are proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.

Question 2. (12 points)

Take any can of vegetables from your pantry. Report the levels of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats for a serving size of your vegetable.

Review the label for hamburger and answer question 3. Click here to read the label.

Question 3. (12 points)

Discuss what stands out to you as a difference between your veggie and the hamburger. Your answer should be at least 100 words in length.

Homework Answers

Answer #1

Q1) Product B

As the calorie content of the product B is 165 cal per serving. It contains the following :

- -whole corn,

-vegetable oil

-whole wheat flour

- rice flour

-whole oat flour

Q2) Product B

As the serving size of product B is 1.5 ounce per serving. So it has largest serving size.

Q3) Product B

As the serving size of product B is 1.5 ounce per serving Size.  

Q4) Product A

It contains the following :

- Saturated fat= 3g

- Sodium =250mg

- cholesterol =3mg

- Sugar =3 mg

-Potatoes

- processed wheat

-Processed Flour

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