Question

# 1. State difference between deductive vs. inductive reasoning. 2. Give an example of deductive and inductive...

1. State difference between deductive vs. inductive reasoning.

2. Give an example of deductive and inductive reasoning

1. Deductive reasoning: Deductive reasoning is a basic form of valid reasoning. Deductive reasoning, or deduction, starts out with a general statement, or hypothesis, and examines the possibilities to reach a specific, logical conclusion.

Inductive reasoning: Inductive reasoning is the opposite of deductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning makes broad generalizations from specific observations. Basically, there is data, then conclusions are drawn from the data.

2. Examples:

Deductive reasoning: For example, "All men are mortal. Harold is a man. Therefore, Harold is mortal."

Inductive reasoning: For example "Harold is a grandfather. Harold is bald. Therefore, all grandfathers are bald." The conclusion does not follow logically from the statements.