Gulf War Illness (GWI) is the name of a combination of symptoms experienced by veterans of the Gulf War in the early 1990s. For undetermined causes, some veterans have lesions, or damage, to the prefrontal cortex of the cerebrum. Predict what higher mental functions may be affected when the prefrontal cortex is damaged.
Prefrontal cortex is the cerebral cortex region that is present in the front portion of the frontal lobe. Prefrontal cortex is region where our behavioral patterns are controlled. This is the area which keeps the memory. The judgement taking ability and consciousness is the special features of this region. So if this region is damaged it will affect the memory and behaviour. The same makes the person more agressive and memory loss is visible in such patients. The person may lack to take a moral judgement. It affects the spatial reasoning and may develop dementia. The person fails to recognise and he fails to connect this memories. His behavioural pattern will completely affected by the damage to this region.
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