A square matrix A is said to be idempotent if A2 = A. Let A be an idempotent matrix.
Show that I − A is also idempotent.
Show that if A is invertible, then A = I.
Show that the only possible eigenvalues of A are 0 and 1.(Hint: Suppose x is an eigenvector with associated eigenvalue λ and then multiply x on the left by A twice.) Let W = col(A).
Show that TA(x) = projW x and TI−A(x) = projW ⊥ x.
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