Question

Hurry pls. Let W denote the set of English words. for u,v are elements of W (u~v have the same first letter and same last letter same length)

a) prove ~ is an equivalence relation

b)list all elements of the equivalence class[a]

c)list all elements of [ox]

d) list all elements of[are]

e) list all elements of [five]

find all three letter words x such that [x]has 5 elements

Answer #1

Let S be a finite set and let P(S) denote the set of all subsets
of S. Define a relation on P(S) by declaring that two subsets A and
B are related if A and B have the same number of elements.
(a) Prove that this is an equivalence relation.
b) Determine the equivalence classes.
c) Determine the number of elements in each equivalence
class.

Let T:V→W be a linear transformation and U be a subspace of V.
Let T(U)T(U) denote the image of U under T (i.e., T(U)={T(u⃗ ):u⃗
∈U}). Prove that T(U) is a subspace of W

Let S={u,v,w}S={u,v,w} be a linearly independent set in a vector
space V. Prove that the set S′={3u−w,v+w,−2w}S′={3u−w,v+w,−2w} is
also a linearly independent set in V.

Let U and V be subspaces of the vector space W . Recall that U ∩
V is the set of all vectors ⃗v in W that are in both of U or V ,
and that U ∪ V is the set of all vectors ⃗v in W that are in at
least one of U or V
i: Prove: U ∩V is a subspace of W.
ii: Consider the statement: “U ∪ V is a subspace of W...

let v be an inner product space with an inner product(u,v) prove
that ||u+v||<=||u||+||v||, ||w||^2=(w,w) , for all u,v load to
V. hint : you may use the Cauchy-Schwars inquality: |{u,v}|,=
||u||*||v||.

Let U and W be subspaces of a nite dimensional vector space V
such that U ∩ W = {~0}. Dene their sum U + W := {u + w | u ∈ U, w ∈
W}.
(1) Prove that U + W is a subspace of V .
(2) Let U = {u1, . . . , ur} and W = {w1, . . . , ws} be bases
of U and W respectively. Prove that U ∪ W...

Let G be a graph with vertex set V. Define a
relation R from V to itself as follows: vertex
u has this relation R with vertex v,
u R v, if there is a path in G from u to
v. Prove that this relation is an equivalence relation.
Write your proof with complete sentences line by line in a logical
order. If you can, you may write your answer to this
question directly in the space provided.Your presentation
counts.

Let (X, d) be a metric space, and let U denote the set of all
uniformly continuous functions from X into R. (a) If f,g ∈ U and we
define (f + g) : X → R by (f + g)(x) = f(x) + g(x) for all x in X,
show that f+g∈U. In words,U is a vector space over R. (b)If f,g∈U
and we define (fg) : X → R by (fg)(x) = f(x)g(x) for all x in X,...

On set R2 define ∼ by writing(a,b)∼(u,v)⇔ 2a−b =
2u−v. Prove that∼is an equivalence relation on R2
In the previous problem:
(1) Describe [(1,1)]∼. (That is formulate a statement P(x,y)
such that [(1,1)]∼ = {(x,y) ∈ R2 | P(x,y)}.)
(2) Describe [(a, b)]∼ for any given point (a, b).
(3) Plot sets [(1,1)]∼ and [(0,0)]∼ in R2.

Let S = {A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J} be the set consisting of
the following elements:
A = N, B = 2N , C = 2P(N) , D = [0, 1), E = ∅, F = Z × Z, G = {x
∈ N|x 2 + x < 2}, H = { 2 n 3 k |n, k ∈ N}, I = R \ Q, J =
R.
Consider the relation ∼ on S given...

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