Alto Company incurs a net operating loss in 2019 of $4,000,000. The loss is the same for pretax accounting income and for tax purposes (no temporary or permanent differences). Under income tax law, losses may only be carried forward to later years (carrybacks are not permitted). Alto incurs pretax accounting and taxable income of $6,000,000 in 2020 and all of the loss carryforward is used to offset some of the 2020 income on the tax return that year. Alto’s income tax rate is 20% for all years. Required: 1. Prepare the accounting entries for 2019 to account for the loss carryforward. 2. Prepare the accounting entries for 2020 to account for taxes that year. 3. Explain when a valuation allowance may have been proper to record in 2019.
|31.12.2019||Deferred Tax Assets||$800,000.00||-|
|-||To Income Tax Benefit||-||$800,000.00|
|-||(Being deferred tax assets recorded for loss carryforward)||-||-|
|31.12.2020||Income tax expenses||$1,200,000.00||-|
|-||To Income taxes payable||-||$400,000.00|
|-||To Deferred tax assets||-||$800,000.00|
|-||(To record income tax expense for 2020)||-||-|
A vauation allowance has to be recorded it is more likely that of the tax benefits will not be realized. Loss tax carryforward can be used up to 20 years. If it is expeceted tha there won't be enough income in the next 20 years to adjust all the tax benefits, the company can set up the valuation allowance to adjust it.
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