Question

Menlo Company distributes a single product. The company’s sales and expenses for last month follow:

Total Per Unit

Sales $320,000 $ 20

Variable expenses 224,000 14

Contribution margin 96,000 $ 6

Fixed expenses 75,000

Net operating income $ 21,000

Required: 1. What is the monthly break-even point in unit sales and in dollar sales? 2. Without resorting to computations, what is the total contribution margin at the break-even point? 3-a. How many units would have to be sold each month to attain a target profit of $33,600? 3-b. Verify your answer by preparing a contribution format income statement at the target sales level. 4. Refer to the original data. Compute the company's margin of safety in both dollar and percentage terms. 5. What is the company’s CM ratio? If sales increase by $61,000 per month and there is no change in fixed expenses, by how much would you expect monthly net operating income to increase?

Answer #1

1) Break even point (units) = 75000/6 = 12500 Units

Break even point (dollars) = 12500*20 = $250000

2) Total Contribution margin at break even = Fixed cost = $75000

3a) Required sales unit = (75000+33600)/6 = 18100 Units

3b) Contribution margin

Sales (18100*20) | 362000 |

Variable cost (18100*14) | 253400 |

Contribution margin | 108600 |

Fixed cost | 75000 |

Net operating income | 33600 |

4) Margin of safety (dollars) = 320000-250000 = $70000

Margin of safety (percentage) = 70000/320000 = 21.875%

5) CM ratio = 6/20 = 30%

Net operating income increase by 61000*30% = $18300

Menlo Company distributes a single product. The company’s sales
and expenses for last month follow:
Total Per Unit
Sales $ 320,000 $ 20
Variable expenses 224,000 14
Contribution margin 96,000 $ 6
Fixed expenses 75,000
Net operating income $ 21,000
Required: 1. What is the monthly break-even point in unit sales
and in dollar sales? 2. Without resorting to computations, what is
the total contribution margin at the break-even point? 3-a. How
many units would have to be sold each...

Menlo Company distributes a single product. The company’s sales
and expenses for last month follow:
Total
Per Unit
Sales
$
310,000
$
20
Variable expenses
217,000
14
Contribution margin
93,000
$
6
Fixed expenses
73,200
Net operating income
$
19,800
Required:
1. What is the monthly break-even point in unit sales and in
dollar sales?
2. Without resorting to computations, what is the total
contribution margin at the break-even point?
3-a. How many units would have to be sold each...

Menlo Company distributes a single product. The company’s sales
and expenses for last month follow:
Total
Per Unit
Sales
$
302,000
$
20
Variable expenses
211,400
14
Contribution margin
90,600
$
6
Fixed expenses
73,200
Net operating income
$
17,400
Required:
1. What is the monthly break-even point in unit sales and in
dollar sales?
2. Without resorting to computations, what is the total
contribution margin at the break-even point?
3-a. How many units would have to be sold each...

Menlo Company distributes a single product. The company’s sales
and expenses for last month follow:
Total
Per Unit
Sales
$
316,000
$
20
Variable
expenses
221,200
14
Contribution
margin
94,800
$
6
Fixed
expenses
78,000
Net operating
income
$
16,800
Required:
1. What is the monthly break-even point in unit sales and in
dollar sales?
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2. Without resorting to computations, what is the total
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Menlo Company distributes a single product. The company’s sales
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Total
Per Unit
Sales
$
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$
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Variable expenses
422,800
28
Contribution margin
181,200
$
12
Fixed expenses
154,800
Net operating income
$
26,400
Required:
1. What is the monthly break-even point in unit sales and in
dollar sales?
2. Without resorting to computations, what is the total
contribution margin at the break-even point?
3-a. How many units would have to be sold each...

Menlo Company distributes a single product. The company’s sales
and expenses for last month follow: Total Per Unit Sales $ 300,000
$ 20 Variable expenses 210,000 14 Contribution margin 90,000 $ 6
Fixed expenses 77,400 Net operating income $ 12,600 Required: 1.
What is the monthly break-even point in unit sales and in dollar
sales? 2. Without resorting to computations, what is the total
contribution margin at the break-even point? 3-a. How many units
would have to be sold each...

Menlo Company distributes a single product. The company’s sales
and expenses for last month follow:
Total
Per Unit
Sales
$
600,000
$
40
Variable expenses
420,000
28
Contribution margin
180,000
$
12
Fixed expenses
148,800
Net operating income
$
31,200
Required:
1.
What is the monthly break-even point in unit sales and in
dollar sales?
2.
Without resorting to computations, what is the total
contribution margin at the break-even point?
3-a.
How...

Menlo Company distributes a single product. The company’s sales
and expenses for last month follow:
Total
Per Unit
Sales
$
318,000
$
20
Variable expenses
222,600
14
Contribution margin
95,400
$
6
Fixed expenses
76,800
Net operating income
$
18,600
Required:
1. What is the monthly break-even point in unit
sales and in dollar sales?
2. Without resorting to computations, what is
the total contribution margin at the break-even point?
3-a. How many units would have...

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units sold and in sales dollars? Without resorting to computations,
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QUESTION 2
SPI-K manufactures and sells a single product. The company’s
sales and expenses for last quarter follow:
Total
Per Unit
Sales
$600,000
$40
Less: Variable Expenses
$420,000
$28
Contribution Margin
$180,000
$12
Less: Fixed Expenses
$146,520
Net Operating Income
$33,480
Required:
What is the monthly break-even point in units sold and in sales
dollars?
Without resorting to computations, calculate the total
contribution margin at the break-even point.
How many units would have to be sold each quarter to earn...

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