Question

# Armer Company is accumulating data to use in preparing its annual profit plan for the coming...

Armer Company is accumulating data to use in preparing its annual profit plan for the coming year. The cost behavior pattern of the maintenance costs must be determined. The accounting staff has suggested the use of linear regression to derive an equation for maintenance hours and costs. Data regarding the maintenance hours and costs for the last year and the results of the regression analysis follow:

 Month Maintenance Cost Machine Hours Jan. \$ 4,200 480 Feb. 3,000 320 Mar. 3,600 400 Apr. 2,820 300 May 4,350 500 June 2,960 310 July 3,030 320 Aug. 4,470 520 Sept. 4,260 490 Oct. 4,050 470 Nov. 3,300 350 Dec. 3,160 340 Sum \$ 43,200 4,800 Average \$ 3,600 \$ 400 Average cost per hour \$ 9.00 a (intercept) \$ 684.65 b (coefficient) 7.2884 Standard error of the estimate 34.469 R-squared 0.99724 t-value for b 60.105

If Armer Company uses the high-low method of analysis, the equation for the relationship between hours of activity and maintenance cost follows:

Multiple Choice

• None of these answer choices are correct.

• y = 3,600 + 400x

• y = 570 + 7.5x

• y = 570 + 9.0x

• y = 400 + 9.0x