Whitman Company has just completed its first year of operations. The company’s absorption costing income statement for the year follows:
|Sales (40,000 units × $42.60 per unit)||$||1,704,000|
|Cost of goods sold (40,000 units × $24 per unit)||960,000|
|Selling and administrative expenses||460,000|
|Net operating income||$||284,000|
The company’s selling and administrative expenses consist of $300,000 per year in fixed expenses and $4 per unit sold in variable expenses. The $24 unit product cost given above is computed as follows:
|Variable manufacturing overhead||3|
|Fixed manufacturing overhead ($192,000 ÷ 48,000 units)||4|
|Absorption costing unit product cost||$||24|
1. Redo the company’s income statement in the contribution format using variable costing.
2. Reconcile any difference between the net operating income on your variable costing income statement and the net operating income on the absorption costing income statement above.
|Variable cost of goods sold||800000||=40000*20|
|Variable selling and administrative expenses||160000||=40000*4|
|Total Variable expenses||960000|
|Fixed manufacturing overhead||192000|
|Fixed selling and administrative expenses||300000|
|Total Fixed expenses||492000|
|Net operating income(loss)||252000|
|Variable costing net income||252000|
|Add: fixed manufacturing overhead deferred in inventory||32000||=8000*4|
|Absorption costing net operating income||284000|
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