Direct Materials and Direct Labor Variance Analysis
Shasta Fixture Company manufactures faucets in a small manufacturing facility. The faucets are made from brass. Manufacturing has 30 employees. Each employee presently provides 40 hours of labor per week. Information about a production week is as follows:
Standard wage per hour | $13.20 |
Standard labor time per unit | 15 min. |
Standard number of lbs. of brass | 1.6 lbs. |
Standard price per lb. of brass | $11.50 |
Actual price per lb. of brass | $11.75 |
Actual lbs. of brass used during the week | 11,371 lbs. |
Number of units produced during the week | 6,900 |
Actual wage per hour | $13.60 |
Actual hours for the week (30 employees × 40 hours) | 1,200 |
Required:
a. Determine the standard cost per unit for direct materials and direct labor. Round the cost per unit to two decimal places.
Direct materials standard cost per unit | $ |
Direct labor standard cost per unit | $ |
Total standard cost per unit | $ |
b. Determine the direct materials price variance, direct materials quantity variance, and total direct materials cost variance. Round your answers to the nearest whole dollar. Enter a favorable variance as a negative number using a minus sign and an unfavorable variance as a positive number.
Direct Materials Price Variance | $ | Unfavorable |
Direct Materials Quantity Variance | $ | Unfavorable |
Total Direct Materials Cost Variance | $ | Unfavorable |
c. Determine the direct labor rate variance, direct labor time variance, and total direct labor cost variance. Round your answers to the nearest whole dollar. Enter a favorable variance as a negative number using a minus sign and an unfavorable variance as a positive number.
Direct Labor Rate Variance | $ | Unfavorable |
Direct Labor Time Variance | $ | Favorable |
Total Direct Labor Cost Variance | $ | Favorable |
A.
DIRECT MATERIALS STANDARD COST PER UNIT =
Standard number of lbs. of brass*Standard price per lb. of brass
1.6 lbs.*$11.50 = $18.40
Direct labor standard cost per unit = Standard wage per hour * Standard labor time per unit
= $13.20*15 minutes/60Mintues
= $3.38 per unit
Total standard cost per unit = $18.40 + $3.38
= $21.78
(B)
Direct Materials Price Variance = AQ (SP - AP)
= 11,371 lbs($11.50 - $11.75)
= $2,843 unfabourable
Direct Materials Quantity Variance = SP (SQ for AO - AQ)
= $11.50 (11,040 lbs-11,371lbs)
= $3807 unfabourable
Total Direct Materials Cost Variance = SQ for AO*SP - AQ*AP
= 11,040*$11.50 - 11,371*11.75
= $126,960 - $133,609
= $6,649
(C)
Direct Labor Rate Variance = Actual Hours usd (SR-AR)
=1,200hrs ($13.20 - $13.60)
= $480 unfabourable
Direct Labor Time Variance = Standard Rate (SH for AO* - Actual Hours)
=$13.20 (1725 hrs - 1,200hrs)
= $6,930 fabourable
Total Direct Labor Cost Variance = SR * SH for AO - AR* AH used
= $13.20 * 1,725hrs - 13.60*1,200hrs
=$22,770 - $16,320
= $6,450 fabourable
* SH For AO =( 6,900 units * 15min)/60 minutes
= 1,725 hrs
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