The following information is available for a company’s manufacturing over the last twelve months:
Month |
Units Produced |
Manufacturing Cost |
January |
32,250 |
$63,400 |
February |
34,400 |
$67,000 |
March |
34,000 |
$66,300 |
April |
35,100 |
$68,200 |
May |
33,240 |
$64,200 |
June |
28,500 |
$59,280 |
July |
29,000 |
$60,000 |
August |
27,900 |
$57,800 |
September |
24,450 |
$52,400 |
October |
25,300 |
$53,100 |
November |
26,500 |
$54,560 |
December |
27,900 |
$55,900 |
Based on the high-low method, what is the variable and fixed cost component of total manufacturing cost?
Variable cost per unit (round your answer to 2 decimal places): $
Fixed cost (round your answer to 2 decimal places if neessary): $
QUESTION 2
Balloons, Inc. manufactures a single product that sells for $68 per unit and whose total variable costs are $33 per unit. The company’s annual fixed costs are $431,400.
What is the contribution margin per unit? Round to the nearest cent (2 decimal places)
What is the contribution margin ratio? Make sure to include the percentage (%) sign in your answer and round to 2 decimal places.
What is the break-even point in units? Round to the nearest whole unit (no decimals)
What is the break-even point in sales dollars? Round to the nearest cent (2 decimal places)
Solution of two independent questions :-
Answer 1:-
Variable cost per unit = ( Cost at the highest level of activity - Cost at the lowest level of activity ) / ( highest level of activity - lowest level of activity )
( 68200 - 52400 ) / ( 35100 - 24450 ) = 15800 / 10650 = $ 1.48 per unit
Fixed cost = 68200 - ( 35100 * 1.48 ) = $ 16252
Answer 2:-
What is the contribution margin per unit? SP 68 - VC 33 = $ 35 per unit
What is the contribution margin ratio? contribution margin per unit 35 / SP 68 = 51.47 %
What is the break-even point in units? FC 431400 / contribution margin per unit 35 = 12326 units
What is the break-even point in sales dollars? FC 431400 / contribution margin ratio 0.5147 = $ 838158.15
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