Delta Company produces a single product. The cost of producing and selling a single unit of this product at the company’s normal activity level of 103,200 units per year is:
|Variable manufacturing overhead||$||0.80|
|Fixed manufacturing overhead||$||3.45|
|Variable selling and administrative expenses||$||1.70|
|Fixed selling and administrative expenses||$||3.00|
The normal selling price is $20.00 per unit. The company’s capacity is 115,200 units per year. An order has been received from a mail-order house for 1,000 units at a special price of $17.00 per unit. This order would not affect regular sales or the company’s total fixed costs.
1. What is the financial advantage (disadvantage) of accepting the special order?
2. As a separate matter from the special order, assume the company’s inventory includes 1,000 units of this product that were produced last year and that are inferior to the current model. The units must be sold through regular channels at reduced prices. What unit cost is relevant for establishing a minimum selling price for these units?
|Per unit||Total 1000 units|
|Variable manufacturing overhead||0.80||800|
|Variable selling and administrative costs||1.70||1700|
|Total Incremental costs||8200|
|Incremental net operating income(loss)||8800|
|Financial advantage $8800|
|Relevant cost per unit = Variable selling and administrative costs =$1.70|
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