Question

# Part 4 USB Inc. predicted 2018 variable and fixed costs are as follows: Company budgeted for:...

 Part 4 USB Inc. predicted 2018 variable and fixed costs are as follows: Company budgeted for: 43,200 Units Variable costs Fixed costs Manufacturing 734,400 172,800 Selling and Administrative 216,000 60,500 Total 950,400 233,300 USB Inc. produces a wide variety of computer interface devices. Per unit manufacturing cost information about one of these products, a high-capacity flash drive is as follows: Direct material \$6 Direct labor 8 Variable Manufacturing Overhead 3 Fixed Manufacturing Overhead -allocated per unit 4 Total manufacturing costs \$21 The following is the variable selling and administrative costs for the flash drive: \$5 Management has set a 2018 target profit on the flash drive of: \$200,000

Required: Make sure you show your work or use cell references for all calculations. You will not earn credit if you just type in your answer.

1. Determine the markup percentage on total variable costs required to earn the desired profit-46%

 2. Use the variable cost markup you determined in #1 above to determine a suggested selling price for a flash drive. You are determining selling price per unit. Selling price is based on total variable cost plus markup from #1 above. Total variable cost per unit \$22.00 Markup above total Variable cost \$      10.03 Selling price per unit \$32.03

 3. For the flash drive, beak the markup determined in #2 abov on variable costs into separate parts for fixed costs and profit. Markup for fixed costs \$5.40 Markup for profit \$4.63 Total Markup which should agree with what you calculated in #2 above for markup above variable cost \$10.03 4. Explain what the minimum unit selling price a company would use in special order decision, if the company had excess capacity.

1). Markup percentage on total variable cost to earn profit of \$200000
Total Variable cost = \$950,400
Total Fixed Cost = \$233,300
Markup should cover both the fixed cost and profit required. Hence markup should be
\$433,300 = \$233,300+\$200,000
Percentage of markup = 433,300 / 950,400 = 0.4559 or 45.60%

2). Calculation of selling price per unit of flash drive.
Total Variable Cost per unit = \$6 +8 +3 +5 = \$22
Markup 45.60% = \$22 * 45.6% = \$10.032 or \$10.03 rounded off
Selling Price per unit = \$32.03

3). Breakup of Markup:
Fixed selling cost per unit = 60500/ 43200 = \$1.40
Fixed mfr cost = \$4
Total fixed cost = \$5.40

Breakup of Markup \$10.03 = Fixed \$5.40 + Profit \$4.63

4). If the company had excess capacity, then the minimum selling price for the special order will be its variable cost per unit i.e. \$22. Here fixed cost are not taken because it is already apportioned on the 43200 units hence not charged again on additional production and became irrelevant.