Question

FIFO Method, Two-Department Analysis Muskoge Company uses a process-costing system. The company manufactures a product that...

FIFO Method, Two-Department Analysis

Muskoge Company uses a process-costing system. The company manufactures a product that is processed in two departments: Molding and Assembly. In the Molding Department, direct materials are added at the beginning of the process; in the Assembly Department, additional direct materials are added at the end of the process. In both departments, conversion costs are incurred uniformly throughout the process. As work is completed, it is transferred out. The following table summarizes the production activity and costs for February:

Molding Assembly
Beginning inventories:
  Physical units 10,000   8,000  
  Costs:
    Transferred in —   $45,400  
    Direct materials $22,000   —  
    Conversion costs $13,800   $16,900  
Current production:
  Units started 25,000   ?  
  Units transferred out 30,000   35,000  
  Costs:
    Transferred in —   ?  
    Direct materials $56,750   $40,250  
    Conversion costs $103,500   $136,500  
  Percentage of completion:
    Beginning inventory 40% 50%
    Ending inventory 80   50  

Required:

1. Using the FIFO method, prepare the following for the Molding Department:

a. A physical flow schedule

Muskoge Company
Molding Department
Physical Flow Schedule
Units to account for:
Units, beginning work in process
Units started in February (transferred in)
Total units to account for
Units accounted for:
Units completed and transferred out:
Started and completed
From beginning work in process
Units, ending work in process
Total units accounted for

Feedback

b. An equivalent units calculation

Total Equivalent Units
Direct Materials
Conversion Costs

c. Calculation of unit costs. Round your answer to the nearest cent.
$ per unit

d. Cost of ending work in process and cost of goods transferred out.

Cost of ending work in process: $
Cost of goods transferred out: $

e. A cost reconciliation.

Costs to account for:
Beginning work in process $
Costs incurred
Total costs to account for $
Costs accounted for:
Transferred out $
Ending work in process
Total costs accounted for $

Feedback

2. Prepare journal entries that show the flow of manufacturing costs for the Molding Department. (a) Materials are added at the beginning of the process, (b) conversion costs are recorded, and (c) units are transferred to the Assembly Department.

(a) Work in Process-Molding
Materials Inventory
(b) Work in Process-Molding
Conversion Costs-Control
(c) Work in Process-Assembly
Work in Process-Molding

Feedback

3. Repeat Requirements 1 and 2 for the Assembly Department.

a. A physical flow schedule

Muskoge Company
Assembly Department
Physical Flow Schedule
Units to account for:
Units, beginning work in process
Units started in February (transferred in)
Total units to account for
Units accounted for:
Units completed and transferred out:
Started and completed
From beginning work in process
Units, ending work in process
Total units accounted for

Feedback

b. An equivalent units calculation

Total Equivalent Units
Direct Materials
Conversion Costs
Transferred In

c. Calculation of unit costs. If required, round your intermediate computations and final answer to four decimal places and use the rounded answer in subsequent computations.
$ per unit

d. Compute the following. For interim computations, carry amounts out to four decimal places. Round your final answers to the nearest dollar.

Cost of ending work in process: $
Cost of goods transferred out: $

e. A cost reconciliation. When necessary, round equivalent cost per unit to four decimal places, and round all other amounts to the nearest dollar.

Costs to account for:
Beginning work in process $
Costs incurred
Total costs to account for $
Costs accounted for:
Transferred out $
Ending work in process
Total costs accounted for $

Note: Cost reconciliation totals differ by $1 due to rounding error.

Feedback

Prepare journal entries that show the flow of manufacturing costs for the Assembly Department. (a) Materials are added at the end of the process, (b) conversion costs are recorded, and (c) the units are transferred to Finished Goods.

(a)
(b)
(c)

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