Huron Company produces a commercial cleaning compound known as Zoom. The direct materials and direct labor standards for one unit of Zoom are given below:
Standard Quantity or Hours | Standard Price or Rate |
Standard Cost |
|||||
Direct materials | 6.40 | pounds | $ | 1.70 | per pound | $ | 10.88 |
Direct labor | 0.40 | hours | $ | 14.00 | per hour | $ | 5.60 |
During the most recent month, the following activity was recorded:
Eighteen thousand five hundred pounds of material were purchased at a cost of $1.40 per pound.
All of the material purchased was used to produce 2,500 units of Zoom.
800 hours of direct labor time were recorded at a total labor cost of $13,600.
Required:
1. Compute the materials price and quantity variances for the month.
2. Compute the labor rate and efficiency variances for the month.
(For all requirements, Indicate the effect of each variance by selecting "F" for favorable, "U" for unfavorable, and "None" for no effect (i.e., zero variance). Input all amounts as positive values. Round your intermediate calculations to the nearest whole dollar.)
1. | materials price variance | ||
materials quantity variance | |||
2. | labor rate variance | ||
labor efficiency variance |
Solution :
1. | Material Price Variance | $ 5,550 F |
Material Quantity Variance | $ 4,250 U | |
2. | Labor Rate Variance | $ 2,400 U |
Labor Efficiency Variance | $ 2,800 F |
Working :
1.
Material Price Variance = (SR - AR) * Actual Quantity Used
= ($ 1.70 - $ 1.40) * 18,500
= $ 5,550 Favorable
Material Quantity Variance = (SQ - AQ) * SR
= [(2,500 * 6.40) - 18,500] * $ 1.70
= [16,000 - 18,500] * 1.70
= $ 4,250 Unfavorable
2.
Labor Rate Variance = (SR - AR) * Actual Hours
= [$ 14 - ($ 13,600 / 800)] * 800
= [$ 14 - $ 17] * 800
= $ 2,400 Unfavorable
Labor Efficiency Variance = (SH - AH) * SR
= [(2,500 * 0.40) - 800] * $ 14
= [1,000 - 800] * $ 14
= 2,800 Favorable
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