Question

High-Low Method for a Service Company Continental Railroad decided to use the high-low method and operating...

High-Low Method for a Service Company Continental Railroad decided to use the high-low method and operating data from the past six months to estimate the fixed and variable components of transportation costs. The activity base used by Continental Railroad is a measure of railroad operating activity, termed "gross-ton miles," which is the total number of tons multiplied by the miles moved. Transportation Costs Gross-Ton Miles January \$946,700 261,000 February 1,055,600 292,000 March 746,000 189,000 April 1,012,000 282,000 May 848,800 227,000 June 1,088,200 307,000 Determine the variable cost per gross-ton mile and the total fixed cost. Variable cost (Round to two decimal places.) \$ per gross-ton mile Total fixed cost \$

For a recent year, McDonald’s (MCD) company-owned restaurants had the following sales and expenses (in millions):

 Sales \$22,500 Food and packaging \$(7,155) Payroll (5,700) Occupancy (rent, depreciation, etc.) (5,675) General, selling, and administrative expenses (3,300) \$(21,830) Operating income \$670

Assume that the variable costs consist of food and packaging, payroll, and 40% of the general, selling, and administrative expenses.

a. What is McDonald's contribution margin? Round to the nearest million. (Give answer in millions of dollars.)
\$ million

b. What is McDonald's contribution margin ratio?
%

c. How much would operating income increase if same-store sales increased by \$1,400 million for the coming year, with no change in the contribution margin ratio or fixed costs? Round your answer to the closest million.
\$ million

Requirement (a) - McDonald's Contribution Margin

Total Variable Costs = Food & packaging + Payroll + 40% of General, selling & admin expenses

= \$7,155 Million + \$5,700 Million + [\$3,300 Million x 40%]

= \$7,155 Million + \$5,700 Million + \$1,320 Million

= \$14,175 Million

Therefore, the Contribution Margin = Sales – Total Variable Costs

= \$22,500 Million - \$14,175 Million

= \$8,325 Million

Requirement (b) - McDonald's Contribution Margin Ratio

McDonald's Contribution Margin Ratio = [Contribution Margin / Sales] x 100

= [\$8,325 Million / \$22,500 Million] x 100

= 37.00%

Requirement (c) – Increase in Income from Operation if same-store sales increased by \$1,400 Million

Increase in Income from Operation = Increase in sales x Contribution Margin Ratio

= \$1,400 Million x 37.00%

= \$518 Million