Question

BAK Corp. is considering purchasing one of two new diagnostic machines. Either machine would make it possible for the company to bid on jobs that it currently isn’t equipped to do. Estimates regarding each machine are provided below.

Machine A Machine B

Original cost $75,700 $189,000

Estimated life 8 years 8 years

Salvage value 0 0

Estimated annual cash inflows $19,800 $39,800

Estimated annual cash outflows $4,990 $10,100

Calculate the net present value and profitability index of each machine. Assume a 9% discount rate. (If the net present value is negative, use either a negative sign preceding the number eg -45 or parentheses eg (45). Round answer for present value to 0 decimal places, e.g. 125 and profitability index to 2 decimal places, e.g. 10.50. For calculation purposes, use 5 decimal places as displayed in the factor table provided.)

Machines A Machine B

Net present value

Profitability index

Answer #1

**Solution:**

Machine should be selected based on Net present value of each machine.

Net present value = Discounted Inflow - Discounted Outflow

Assume rate of return of company is 9%

**Net present value of Machine
A:**

Initial outflow = $75,700

Net annual cash inflow = $19,800 - $4,990

= $14,810

Discounted annual cash inflow = $14,810 x Present value annuity factor @9% for 8 years

= $14,810 x 5.535

= $81,973

So Net present value = $81,973 - $75,700

**Net present value of
Machine A = $6,273**

**Net present value of Machine
B:**

Initial outflow = $189,000

Net annual cash inflow = $39,800 - $10,000

= $29,800

Discounted annual cash inflow = $29,800 x Present value annuity factor @9% for 8 years

= $29,800 x 5.535

= $164,943

So Net present value = $164,943 - $189,000

**Net present value of
Machine B = ($24,057)**

BAK Corp. is considering purchasing one of two new diagnostic
machines. Either machine would make it possible for the company to
bid on jobs that it currently isn’t equipped to do. Estimates
regarding each machine are provided below.
Machine A
Machine B
Original cost
$75,900
$181,000
Estimated life
8 years
8 years
Salvage value
0
0
Estimated annual cash inflows
$19,900
$39,800
Estimated annual cash outflows
$5,020
$10,050
Click here to view the factor table.
Calculate the net present value...

BAK Corp. is considering purchasing one of two new diagnostic
machines. Either machine would make it possible for the company to
bid on jobs that it currently isn’t equipped to do. Estimates
regarding each machine are provided below.
Machine A
Machine B
Original cost
$76,900
$186,000
Estimated life
8 years
8 years
Salvage value
0
0
Estimated annual cash inflows
$19,600
$39,800
Estimated annual cash outflows
$5,150
$10,080
Click here to view PV table.
Calculate the net present value and...

BAK Corp. is considering purchasing one of two new diagnostic
machines. Either machine would make it possible for the company to
bid on jobs that it currently isn’t equipped to do. Estimates
regarding each machine are provided below.
Machine A
Machine B
Original cost
$78,000
$184,000
Estimated life
8 years
8 years
Salvage value
0
0
Estimated annual cash inflows
$19,800
$40,300
Estimated annual cash outflows
$4,820
$10,160
Click here to view PV table.
Calculate the net present value and...

BAK Corp. is considering purchasing one of two new diagnostic
machines. Either machine would make it possible for the company to
bid on jobs that it currently isn’t equipped to do. Estimates
regarding each machine are provided below.
Machine A
Machine B
Original cost
$ 77,000
$ 188,000
Estimated life
8 years
8 years
Salvage value
0
0
Estimated annual cash inflows
$ 19,900
$ 40,200
Estimated annual cash outflows
$ 4,800
$ 9,860
Calculate the net present value and...

BAK Corp. is considering purchasing one of two new diagnostic
machines. Either machine would make it possible for the company to
bid on jobs that it currently isn’t equipped to do. Estimates
regarding each machine are provided below.
Machine A
Machine B
Original cost
$77,700
$181,000
Estimated life
8 years
8 years
Salvage value
0
0
Estimated annual cash inflows
$20,500
$40,400
Estimated annual cash outflows
$5,070
$10,000
Click here to view the factor table.
Calculate the net present value...

BAK Corp. is considering purchasing one of two new diagnostic
machines. Either machine would make it possible for the company to
bid on jobs that it currently isn’t equipped to do. Estimates
regarding each machine are provided below.
Machine A
Machine B
Original cost
$ 74,600
$ 182,000
Estimated life
8 years
8 years
Salvage value
0
0
Estimated annual cash inflows
$ 20,000
$ 40,200
Estimated annual cash outflows
$ 5,170
$ 10,190
Click here to view PV table....

BAK Corp. is considering purchasing one of two new diagnostic
machines. Either machine would make it possible for the company to
bid on jobs that it currently isn’t equipped to do. Estimates
regarding each machine are provided below.
Machine A
Machine B
Original cost
$76,600
$179,000
Estimated life
8 years
8 years
Salvage value
0
0
Estimated annual cash inflows
$19,900
$40,400
Estimated annual cash outflows
$4,890
$9,940
Click here to view the factor table.
Calculate the net present value...

BAK Corp. is considering purchasing one of two new diagnostic
machines. Either machine would make it possible for the company to
bid on jobs that it currently isn’t equipped to do. Estimates
regarding each machine are provided below.
Machine A
Machine B
Original cost
$74,500
$183,000
Estimated life
8 years
8 years
Salvage value
0
0
Estimated annual cash inflows
$20,300
$40,200
Estimated annual cash outflows
$5,100
$9,810
Click here to view PV table.
Calculate the net present value and...

BAK Corp. is considering purchasing one of two new diagnostic
machines. Either machine would make it possible for the company to
bid on jobs that it currently isn’t equipped to do. Estimates
regarding each machine are provided below. Machine A Machine B
Original cost $77,500 $186,000 Estimated life 8 years 8 years
Salvage value 0 0 Estimated annual cash inflows $19,500 $39,600
Estimated annual cash outflows $5,040 $9,800 Click here to view the
factor table. Calculate the net present value...

BAK Corp. is considering purchasing one of two new diagnostic
machines. Either machine would make it possible for the company to
bid on jobs that it currently isn’t equipped to do. Estimates
regarding each machine are provided below.
Machine A Machine B
Original cost $77,000 $188,000
Estimated life 8 years 8 years
Salvage value 0 0
Estimated annual cash inflows $19,900 $40,200
Estimated annual cash outflows $4,800 $9,860
PV table
(n)
Periods4%5%6%7%8%9%10%11%12%15%?01.000001.000001.000001.000001.000001.000001.000001.000001.000001.00000?11.040001.050001.060001.070001.080001.090001.100001.110001.120001.15000?21.081601.102501.123601.144901.166401.188101.210001.232101.254401.32250?31.124861.157631.191021.225041.259711.295031.331001.367631.404931.52088?41.169861.215511.262481.310801.360491.411581.464101.518071.573521.74901?51.216651.276281.338231.402551.469331.538621.610511.685061.762342.01136?61.265321.340101.418521.500731.586871.677101.771561.870411.973822.31306?71.315931.407101.503631.605781.713821.828041.948722.076162.210682.66002?81.368571.477461.593851.718191.850931.992562.143592.304542.475963.05902?91.423311.551331.689481.838461.999002.171892.357952.558032.773083.51788101.480241.628891.790851.967152.158922.367362.593742.839423.105854.04556111.539451.710341.898302.104852.331642.580432.853123.151763.478554.65239121.601031.795862.012202.252192.518172.812673.138433.498453.895985.35025131.665071.885652.132932.409852.719623.065813.452273.883284.363496.15279141.731681.979932.260902.578532.937193.341733.797504.310444.887117.07571151.800942.078932.396562.759033.172173.642484.177254.784595.473578.13706161.872982.182872.540352.952163.425943.970314.594975.310896.130399.35762171.947902.292022.692773.158823.700024.327635.054475.895096.8660410.76126182.025822.406622.854343.379933.996024.717125.559926.543557.6899712.37545192.106852.526953.025603.616534.315705.141666.115917.263348.6127614.23177202.191122.653303.207143.869684.660965.604416.727508.062319.6462916.36654
Calculate the net present value and profitability index...

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