Hamby Corporation is a merchandising company that is preparing a master budget for the third quarter of the calendar year. The company’s balance sheet as of June 30th is shown below:
|Plant and equipment, net of depreciation||230,000|
|Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity|
|Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity||$||529,100|
The company managers have made the following additional assumptions and estimates:
Estimated sales for July, August, September, and October will be $410,000, $430,000, $420,000, and $440,000, respectively.
All sales are on credit and all credit sales are collected. Each month’s credit sales are collected 35% in the month of sale and 65% in the month following the sale. All of the accounts receivable at June 30 will be collected in July.
Each month’s ending inventory must equal 30% of the cost of next month’s sales. The cost of goods sold is 70% of sales. The company pays for 40% of its merchandise purchases in the month of the purchase and the remaining 60% in the month following the purchase. All of the accounts payable at June 30 will be paid in July.
Monthly selling and administrative expenses are always $58,000. Each month $8,000 of this total amount is depreciation expense and the remaining $50,000 relates to expenses that are paid in the month they are incurred.
The company does not plan to borrow money or pay or declare dividends during the quarter ended September 30. The company does not plan to issue any common stock or repurchase its own stock during the quarter ended September 30.
How much is the Company's expected cash disbursement for merchandise in the month of July?
|Expected cash disbursement for merchandise in the month of July is calculated below:|
|Accounts payable at June 30 paid in July||$91,000|
|Add: Payments made for purchases (Refer Note 1)||$116,480|
|Expected cash disbursement for merchandise in the month of July||$207,480|
|Hence, the first option is the correct answer.|
|Note 1: Calculation of payments to be made in July for the purchases:|
|First, we will calculate the total purchases to be made in July:|
|Budgeted cost of goods sold (70% of $410,000)||$287,000|
|Add: Desired ending merchandising inventory [30% of (70% of 430,000)]||$90,300|
|Total merchandise requirement||$377,300|
|Less: Opening inventory||$86,100|
|Budgeted purchase for July||$291,200|
|Now, 40% of July's budgeted purchases are paid in July itself i.e. 40% of $291,200 = $116,480|
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