Huron Company produces a commercial cleaning compound known as Zoom. The direct materials and direct labor standards for one unit of Zoom are given below:
|Standard Quantity or Hours||
|Direct materials||7.50||pounds||$||2.40||per pound||$||18.00|
|Direct labor||0.80||hours||$||7.00||per hour||$||5.60|
During the most recent month, the following activity was recorded:
13,250.00 pounds of material were purchased at a cost of $2.20 per pound.
All of the material purchased was used to produce 1,500 units of Zoom.
1,000 hours of direct labor time were recorded at a total labor cost of $9,000.
1. Compute the materials price and quantity variances for the month.
2. Compute the labor rate and efficiency variances for the month.
(For all requirements, Indicate the effect of each variance by selecting "F" for favorable, "U" for unfavorable, and "None" for no effect (i.e., zero variance). Input all amounts as positive values. Round your intermediate calculations to the nearest whole dollar.)
1. Material price variance = (Standard price-Actual Price)*Actual Quantity used
= (2.40-2.20)*13250 = $2650 F
Material Quantity Variance = (Standard Quantity-Actual Quantity)*Standard price
Standard Quantity = 7.50*1500 = 11250 pounds
= (11250-13250)*2.40 = $4800 U
2. Labor rate Variance = (Std rate-Actual rate)*Actual hours worked
Actual rate = Total Cost/ Number of hours worked = 9000/1000 = $9/hour
= (7-9)*1000 = $2000 U
Labor Efficiency variance = (Std hours-Actual hours)*Std rate
Std Hours = 1500*.80 = 1200 hours
(1200-1000)*7 = $1400 F
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