Question

# BAK Corp. is considering purchasing one of two new diagnostic machines. Either machine would make it...

BAK Corp. is considering purchasing one of two new diagnostic machines. Either machine would make it possible for the company to bid on jobs that it currently isn’t equipped to do. Estimates regarding each machine are provided below.

Machine A Machine B \$76,600 \$179,000 8 years 8 years 0 0 \$19,900 \$40,400 \$4,890 \$9,940

Calculate the net present value and profitability index of each machine. Assume a 9% discount rate. (If the net present value is negative, use either a negative sign preceding the number eg -45 or parentheses eg (45). Round answer for present value to 0 decimal places, e.g. 125 and profitability index to 2 decimal places, e.g. 10.50. For calculation purposes, use 5 decimal places as displayed in the factor table provided.)

Net present value = Present value of net cash inflow - Initial investment

Machine A = [(\$19,900-4,890) * 5.53482 (PVAF@9%, 8years)] - \$76,600

Machine A = \$83,078 (15,010 * 5.53482) - \$76,600 = \$6,478

Machine B = [(\$40,400-9,940) * 5.53482 (PVAF@9%, 8years)] - \$179,000

Machine B = \$168,591 (30,460 * 5.53482) - \$179,000 = -\$10,409

Profitability index = Present value of cash inflow / Initial investment

Machine A = \$83,078 / \$76,600 = 1.08

Machine B = \$168,591 / \$179,000 = 0.94

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