The Gourmand Cooking School runs short cooking courses at its small campus. Management has identified two cost drivers it uses in its budgeting and performance reports—the number of courses and the total number of students. For example, the school might run two courses in a month and have a total of 60 students enrolled in those two courses. Data concerning the company’s cost formulas appear below:
|Fixed Cost per Month||Cost per Course||Cost per
For example, administrative expenses should be $4,000 per month plus $45 per course plus $4 per student. The company’s sales should average $860 per student.
The company planned to run four courses with a total of 60 students; however, it actually ran four courses with a total of only 52 students. The actual operating results for September appear below:
Prepare a flexible budget performance report that shows both revenue and spending variances and activity variances for September. (Indicate the effect of each variance by selecting "F" for favorable, "U" for unfavorable, and "None" for no effect (i.e., zero variance). Input all amounts as positive values.)
|Actual results||Revenue and spending variance||Flexible budget||Activity variances||Planning Budget|
|Net operating income||7184||2442||F||4742||4448||U||9190|
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